United States Department of Agriculture
European Biological Control Laboratory
Browse by Projects
Useful Links
EBCL Staff





Research Entomologist - (33) 4 99 62 30 36


Franck Hérard




Franck Hérard served as research entomologist at the EBCL, Montpellier, since September, 1991. He was previously at the USDA-ARS European Parasite Laboratory in the Paris area from 1976 to 1991 as a researcher. From 1973 to 1975, he was the lead entomologist for a PL 480 project on the biocontrol of gypsy moth in Morocco (Hérard and Drea 1981). During the summers of 1976 and 1977 he worked in Iran and in Japan to study the natural ennemy complex of the gypsy moth (Fuester et al. 1981).

In France he studied the natural enemies of bark beetles on Pinus sylvestris during 1978 and 1979 (Hérard and Mercadier 1996), birch leaf miners during 1980 and 1981, the elm leaf beetle during 1982, the pear psylla during 1983 (Hérard 1985, 1986) and leafhoppers during 1984. During 1985, he spent a year at the ARS laboratory in Tifton, Georgia, studying the role of semiochemicals in the foraging behavior of Microplitis demolitor, an imported parasitoid of Heliothis zea (Hérard et al. 1988a, 1988b).

Back in France, he studied the natural enemies of the apple ermine moth during 1988 and 1989 (Hérard and Prévost 1997; Unruh et al. 2003), the codling moth during 1990 and 1991, and the gypsy moth again from 1992 through 2000 (Hérard et al. 1997a, 1997b, Fuester et al. 1997, Hérard and Chen, 1998, Hérard et al. 2000, Narang et al. 2000, Fuester et al. 2001) in southwestern France, Corsica, Alsace (northeastern France), and participated to the introduction of the gypsy moth fungus Entomophaga maimaiga in Bulgaria (Vega et al. 2000, Pilarska et al. 2000).

2001 through 2009, he has been studying parasitoids of selected European cerambycids evaluating them as potential biocontrol agents against the Asian Longhorned Beetle and the Citrus Longhorned Beetle (Hérard et al. 2002, Smith et al. 2002, Cocquempot et al. 2003, Cocquempot and Hérard 2003, Hérard et al. 2004, Delvare et al. 2004, Smith et al. 2004, Hérard et al. 2005a, 2005c, 2007a, 2007b, 2010). He made several reports on status and management of the Anoplophora spp. infestations throughout Europe (Hérard 2005b, 2005d, 2006, 2009a, 2009b; Hérard & Roques 2009; Haack et al. 2010, Van der Gaag et al. 2010).